Many different types of acne can develop, and there’s no magic wand that zaps zits away instantly. It takes time, patience, specific ingredients and information about your skin type to help get rid of acne and keep it under control.
If your breakouts are mild, over-the-counter treatments may help. Look for cleansers that are gentle, soap-free, and oil-free. Choose moisturizers and sunscreen that are labeled noncomedogenic (not likely to clog pores). Avoid over-scrubbing, which can actually make the problem worse. Wash your face two to three times a day with lukewarm water, and resist scrubbing or over-washing, which can irritate the skin. Use hair products that are free of oil and sulfates, and be sure to remove makeup before bed. If your breakouts are moderate to severe, your doctor can prescribe a stronger gel or cream. These prescription drugs have more powerful antibiotics than OTC treatments and may also contain tretinoin or clindamycin, which work to unclog pores, kill bacteria and reduce inflammation.
Some people can have more persistent or cystic acne, or acne that flares up around the menstrual cycle in girls. In those cases, your doctor may prescribe oral medications such as tetracycline tablets (unless you’re pregnant or breastfeeding). These pills fight acne from the inside, and are usually given in combination with a topical treatment. Your doctor may also recommend drainage and extraction — a special procedure that uses tools to gently remove whiteheads, blackheads or cysts that haven’t improved with topical medicines. acne treatment